The NEO-6M is a popular GPS (Global Positioning System) module manufactured by u-blox. It is commonly used in various applications that require accurate positioning and navigation capabilities. The module combines a GPS receiver with an integrated antenna, making it compact and easy to integrate into different electronic devices.
- Satellite Signal Reception: The NEO-6M module receives signals from multiple GPS satellites, as well as other satellite constellations like GLONASS, Galileo, and BeiDou. These satellites transmit signals containing precise timing information and their own orbital data.
- Signal Processing: The module processes the received satellite signals to extract essential information. It uses a combination of algorithms, including trilateration, to determine the distance between the module and each satellite. By analyzing the time it takes for the signals to travel from the satellites to the module, the module can calculate the module’s position.
- Position Calculation: They take information from multiple satellites to calculate their precise position on the Earth’s surface. Calculated distances from different satellites, the module can determine the latitude, longitude, and altitude of its position.
- Data Output: Once the module has determined its position, it formats the information into NMEA (National Marine Electronics Association) sentences. GPS parameters, such as latitude, longitude, altitude, speed, and time.
- Host Device Integration: The host device can then utilize this data for various applications, such as mapping, navigation, tracking, or any other functionality that requires accurate position information.
- Configuration and Control: The NEO-6M module can be configured using AT (Attention) commands sent over the serial interface.
- Operating temperature range: -40 TO 85°CUART TTL socket
- EEPROM to save configuration settings
- Rechargeable battery for Backup
- The cold start time of 38 s and the Hot start time of 1 s
- Supply voltage: 3.3 V
- Configurable Baud rates 115200 and Baud rates 9600
- SuperSense ® Indoor GPS: -162 dBm tracking sensitivity
- Support SBAS (WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN)
- Separated 18X18mm GPS antenna
Features Of GPS NEO-6m Module
- Multi-Constellation Support: The NEO-6M module is capable of receiving signals from multiple satellite constellations, including GPS (USA), GLONASS (Russia), Galileo (Europe), and BeiDou (China). This multi-constellation support enhances positioning accuracy and reliability by accessing signals from a larger number of satellites.
- High Sensitivity: The module has a high receiver sensitivity, allowing it to acquire and track satellite signals even in challenging environments with weak signal conditions. This sensitivity enables reliable positioning performance in urban areas, dense foliage, and other areas where signal reception can be difficult.
- Integrated Antenna: The Module built-in ceramic patch antenna. This integrated design eliminates the need for an external antenna, simplifying the installation process.
- Serial Communication: The module communicates UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter) protocol. This serial communication allows for easy integration with microcontrollers, single-board computers, and other devices.
Application Of GPS NEO-6m Module
- Vehicle Tracking: They are used in vehicle tracking systems, real-time monitoring of the vehicle’s location, speed, and direction.
- Personal Navigation Devices: The module can be integrated into handheld navigation devices, such as GPS receivers, smartphones, and smartwatches, providing users with accurate location information.
- Outdoor Recreation: The module is employed in outdoor recreational devices like hiking GPS units, cycling computers, and sports watches.
- Internet of Things (IoT): It enables devices like asset trackers, environmental sensors, and agricultural equipment to transmit precise geographical data for monitoring and control purposes.
- Robotics and Drones: Accurate positioning. Drones, for instance, utilize GPS data to maintain stable flights, follow predefined routes, and perform aerial surveys or inspections.
GPS NEO-6m With Arduino
Installing TinyGPS++ library. This library is used for data received from the GPS module. You can install it using the Arduino Library Manager or Download the TinyGPS++ library
static const int RXPin = 4, TXPin = 3;
static const uint32_t GPSBaud = 9600;
SoftwareSerial ss(RXPin, TXPin);
Serial.print(F("Testing TinyGPS++ library v. "));
while (ss.available() > 0)
if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
Serial.println(F("No GPS detected: check wiring."));
Serial.print(F(" Date/Time: "));
if (gps.time.hour() < 10) Serial.print(F("0"));
if (gps.time.minute() < 10) Serial.print(F("0"));
if (gps.time.second() < 10) Serial.print(F("0"));
if (gps.time.centisecond() < 10) Serial.print(F("0"));
The NEO-6M GPS module is a small GPS device and is low cost, here we interface the module and take readings in a serial monitor but the NEO-6M Module requires a big antenna and is working in open space.